List of Aircraft Bomber

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A bomber is a military aircraft designed to attack ground and sea targets, by dropping bombs on them, or – in recent years – by launching cruise missiles at them.

Strategic bombers are primarily designed for long-range bombing missions against strategic targets such as supply bases, bridges, factories, shipyards, and cities themselves, in order to damage an enemy's war effort. Current examples include the nuclear-armed: B-2 Spirit, B-52 Stratofortress, Tupolev Tu-95 'Bear', Tupolev Tu-22M 'Backfire'; historically notable examples are the: Gotha G, Avro Lancaster, Heinkel He-111, Junkers Ju 88, B-17 Flying Fortress, B-24 Liberator, B-29 Superfortress, and Tupolev Tu-16 'Badger'.

Tactical bombing, aimed at enemy's military units and installations, is typically assigned to smaller aircraft operating at shorter ranges, typically along the troops on the ground or sea. This role is filled by various aircraft classes, as different as light bombers, medium bombers, dive bombers, fighter-bombers, ground-attack aircraft, multirole combat aircraft, among others. Current examples: F-15E Strike Eagle, F/A-18 Hornet, Sukhoi Su-34 'Fullback', Chengdu J-10, Xian JH-7, Dassault-Breguet Mirage 2000, and the Panavia Tornado; historical examples: Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik, Junkers Ju 87 Stuka, P-47 Thunderbolt, Hawker Typhoon, and F-4 Phantom II.

The list of Aircraft Bomber in the world:

BomberPictureSpecificationsCountryYear
Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit (Stealth Bomber)Max speed: Mach 0.95 (550 knots, 630 mph, 1,010 km/h)
Range: 6,000 nmi (11,100 km)
Armament:
2 internal bays for 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) of ordnance.
80× 500 lb (Mk-82)
36× 750 lb CBU class bombs
16× 2000 lb class weapons (Mk-84, JDAM-84, JDAM-102)
16× B61 or B83 nuclear


US1997
Tupolev Tu-160 (Blackjack)Maximum speed: Mach 2.05 (2,220 km/h, 1,200 knots, 1,380 mph)
Range: 12,300 km (7,643 mi)
Armament:
2 internal bays for 40,000 kg
2 internal rotary launchers each holding 6 × Raduga Kh-55 cruise missiles or 12× Raduga Kh-15 short-range nuclear missiles


Soviet Union1989
Rockwell / Boeing B-1 LancerMaximum speed: Mach 1.25 (721 knots, 830 mph, 1,340 km/h
Range: 6,478 nmi (11,998 km)
Armament:
6 external hardpoints for 50,000 lb (22,700 kg) of ordnance
3 internal bomb bays for 75,000 lb (34,000 kg) of ordnance. etc

US1985
A-12 Avenger IIMcDonnell Douglas A-12 Avenger IIMaximum speed: 500 knots (580 mph, 930 km/h)
Range: 800 nmi (920 mi, 1,480 km)
Armament:
5,160 pounds (2,300 kg) in internal weapons bay including:
2× AIM-120 AMRAAM air-to-air missiles
2× AGM-88 HARM air-to-ground missiles
Unguided or precision-guided bombs
US1983
F-117 NighthawkMaximum speed: Mach 0.92 (617 mph, 993 km/h)
Cruise speed: Mach 0.92
Range: 930 NM (1720 km)
Service ceiling: 69,000 ft (20,000 m)
Wing loading: 65 lb/ft² (330 kg/m²)
Thrust/weight: 0.40
US1982
Tupolev Tu-22Tupolev Tu-22Maximum speed: 1,510 km/h (938 mph, Mach 1.42)
Range: 4,900 km (3,045 mi)
Armament:
Guns: 1 × AM-23 23 mm cannon
Bombs: 9,000 kg (20,000 lb) or
Missiles: 1 × Kh-22 (AS-4 'Kitchen') cruise missile
Soviet Union1975
Sukhoi Su-24 FencerSukhoi Su-24 FencerMaximum speed: 1,315 km/h (710 kn, 815 mph, Mach 1.08)
Range: 2,775 km (1,500 nm, 1,725 mi)
Armament:
1 × GSh-6-23 cannon,
Up to 8,000 kg (17,640 lb) ordnance on 8 up to 4 × Kh-23; up to 4 × Kh-25ML laser-guided missiles; up to 2 × Kh-28, Kh-58, or Kh-31P anti-radiation missiles; up to 3 × Kh-29L/T laser/TV-guided missiles; up to 2 × Kh-59 TV-command guided missiles, or KAB-500KR TV-guided and KAB-500L laser-guided bombs.
Unguided rocket launchers with 55 mm S-5 rockets, 80 mm S-8 rockets, or 120 mm S-13
2 × R-60 air-to-air missiles are normally carried for self-defense; upgrade aircraft can carry R-73 as well.
Soviet Union1974
Grumman A-6 IntruderGrumman A-6 IntruderMaximum speed: 563 knots (648 mph, 1,040 km/h)
Range: 2,819 nmi (3,245 mi, 5,222 km)
Armament:
5 total: 4× wing and 1× fuselage with 18,000 lb (8,170 kg)
US1968
F-111 AardvarkF-111 AardvarkMaximum speed: Mach 2.5 (1,650 mph, 2,655 km/h
Range: 4,200 mi (3,700 nmi, 6,760 km)
Armament:
1× 20 mm (0.787 in) M61 Vulcan
9 in total (8× under-wing, 1× under-fuselage between engines) plus 2 attach points in weapons bay with a capacity of 31,500 lb (14,300 kg) and provisions to carry combinations
US1967
XB-70 ValkyrieXB-70 ValkyrieMaximum speed: Mach 3.1 (2,056 mph, 3,309 km/h)
Range: 3,725 nmi (4,288 mi, 6,900 km) on combat mission
US1964
Dassault Mirage IVDassault Mirage IVMaximum speed: Mach 2.2 (2,340 km/h, 1,264 knots, 1,454 mph) at 13,125 m (40,000 ft)
Range: 4,000 km (2,160 nm, 2,484 mi)
Armament:
1× AN-11 free-fall nuclear bomb or
1× AN-22 free-fall nuclear bomb or
16× 454 kg (1,000 lb) free-fall conventional bombs
France1963
A-5 VigilanteA-5 Vigilante BomberMaximum speed: Mach 2.0 (1,149 knots, 1,320 mph, 2,123 km/h) at 40,000 ft (12,200 m)
Range: 1,571 nmi (1,807 mi, 2,909 km)
Armament:
1× Mark 27 nuclear bomb, B28 or B43 freefall nuclear bomb in internal weapons bay
2× B43, Mark 83, or Mark 84 bombs on two external hardpoints
US1961
Convair B-58 HustlerConvair B-58 HustlerMaximum speed: Mach 2.0 (1,319mph) at 40,000 ft (12,000 m)
Range: 4,100 mi (4,700 nmi, 7,600 km)
Armament:
Guns: 1× 20 mm (0.79 in) T171 cannon
Bombs: 4× B-43 or B61 nuclear bombs; maximum weapons load was 19,450 lb (8,820 kg)
US1960
BAC TSR-2BAC TSR-2 BomberMaximum speed: Mach 2.35 at 40,000 ft/12,000 m (Mach 0.9 at sea level)
Range: 2,500 nmi (2,880, mi, 4,630 km)
Armament:
Total weapons load of 10,000 lb (4,500 kg); 6,000 lb (2,700 kg) internal and 4,000 lb (1,800 kg) external
UK1959
Myasishchev M-4 MolotMyasishchev M-4 MolotMaximum speed: 947 km/h (588 mph)
Range: 8,100 km (5,030 mi) ferry; 5,600 km (3,480 mi) combat radius
Armament:
Guns: 9×23 mm NR-23 cannon or 6×23 mm AM-23 cannon in ventral,
Missiles: Up to four cruise missiles
Bombs: Typically 9,000 kg (19,840 lb) of internal stores. Up to 24,000 kg (52,910 lb) could be carried, including nuclear and conventional bombs
Soviet Union1959
Xian H-6Xian H-6 Chinese BomberMaximum speed: 1,050 km/h (656 mph)
Range: 6,000 km (3,200 nm, 3,700 mi)
Armament:
Guns: 2× 23 mm (0.906 in) Nudelman-Rikhter
Missiles:

6 or 7 KD-88 missile, C-601 anti-ship missile, YJ-62 (C-602) anti-ship missile, C-301 anti-ship missile, C-101 anti-ship missile
Bombs: 9,000 kg (20,000 lb) of free-fall weapons
Soviet Union1958
Handley Page VictorHandley Page VictorMaximum speed: 1,009 km/h (627 mph)
Range: 6,000 km (3,200 nm, 3,700 mi)
Armament:
Up to 35 × 1,000 lb (450 kg) bombs or
1× Yellow Sun free-fall nuclear bomb
UK1957
Tupolev Tu-95 (Bear)Tupolev Tu-95Maximum speed: 920 km/h (510 knots, 575 mph)
Range: 15,000 km (8,100 nmi, 9,400 mi) unrefueled
Armament:
1 or 2 × 23 mm AM-23 autocannon in tail turret.
15,000 kg (33,000 lb), including the Raduga Kh-20, Kh-22, Kh-26, and Kh-55 air-to-surface missiles.

Soviet Union1957
Avro Vulcan Strategic BomberAvro VulcanMaximum speed: Mach 0.96 (607 mph (1,040 km/h))
Range: 2,607 mi (4,171 km)
Armament:
21 x 1,000 pounds (454 kg) of conventional bombs, 1 x Blue Danube nuclear gravity bomb
1 x Violet Club 400 kT nuclear gravity bomb, 1 x US Mark 5 nuclear gravity bomb supplied under Project E, 1 x Yellow Sun Mk.1 400 kT nuclear gravity bomb, 1 x Yellow Sun Mk 2 1.1 MT thermonuclear gravity bomb, 1 x Red Beard nuclear gravity bomb
UK1956
B-66 Destroyer BomberB-66 Destroyer BomberMaximum speed: 631 mph (548 kn, 1,020 km/h)
Range: 2,470 mi (2,150 nmi, 3,970 km)
Armament:
Guns: 2× 20 mm (0.79 in) M24 cannons in radar-controlled/remotely operated tail turret
Bombs: 15,000 pounds (6,803.9 kg)
US1956
Boeing B-52 StratofortressMaximum speed: 560 kt (650 mph, 1,047 km/h)
Combat radius: 4,480 mi (3,890 nmi, 7,210 km)
Armament:
1× 20 mm (0.787 in) M61 Vulcan cannon
70,000 pounds (31,500 kg) bombs, mines, missiles,


US1955
Myasishchev M-4 MolotMyasishchev M-4 MolotMaximum speed: 947 km/h (588 mph)
Range: 8,100 km (5,030 mi) ferry; 5,600 km (3,480 mi) combat radius
Guns: 9×23 mm NR-23 cannon or 6×23 mm AM-23 cannon in ventral, dorsal and tail barbettes. 1,100 rounds in ventral and dorsal barbettes, 2,000 rounds in tail barbette.
Missiles: Up to four cruise missiles carried externally.
Bombs: Typically 9,000 kg (19,840 lb) of internal stores. Up to 24,000 kg (52,910 lb) could be carried, including nuclear and conventional bombs
Soviet Union1955
Vickers-Armstrongs ValiantVickers-Armstrongs ValiantMaximum speed: 567 mph (493 knots, 913 km/h) at 30,000 ft (9,150 m)
Range: 4,500 mi (3,910 nmi, 7,245 km) with underwing tanks
Bombs:
1 × 10,000 lb (4500 kg) Blue Danube nuclear bomb or 21 × 1,000 lb (450 kg) bombs
UK1955
Tupolev Tu-16Tupolev Tu-16Maximum speed: 1,050 km/h (650 mph; 570 kn)
Range: 7,200 km (4,474 mi; 3,888 nmi)
Guns: 6-7 × 23 mm Nudelman-Rikhter NR-23 cannons,
Missiles: 2 × Raduga KS-1 Komet (AS-1 Kennel) anti-ship missile on underwing hardpoints, or
1 × Raduga K-10S (AS-2 Kipper) anti-ship missile semi-recessed in bomb bay, or
2 × Raduga KSR-5 (AS-6 Kingfish) anti-ship missile on underwing hardpoints
Bombs: 9,000 kg (20,000 lb) of free-fall weapons
Soviet Union1954
Boeing B-47 StratojetBoeing B-47 Stratojet BomberMaximum speed: 607 mph (528 kn, 977 km/h)
Cruise speed: 557 mph (484 kn, 896 km/h)
Combat radius: 2,013 mi (1,749 nmi, 3,240 km) with 20,000 lb (9,000 kg)
Guns: 2× 20 mm (0.787 in) M24A1 autocannons
Bombs: 25,000 lb (11,000 kg) of ordnance, including:

2 × Mk15 nuclear bombs (3.8 megaton yield each), or
1 × B41 nuclear bomb (25 megaton yield), or
1 × B53 nuclear bomb (9 megaton yield), or
28 × 500 lb (230 kg) conventional bombs


US1951
Martin B-57 CanberraMartin B-57 CanberraMaximum speed: Mach 0.79 (598 mph, 960 km/h) at 2,500 ft (760 m)
Cruise speed: 476 mph (414 knots, 765 km/h)
Combat radius: 950 mi (825 nm, 1,530 km) with 5,250 lb (2,380 kg) of bombs
Ferry range: 2,720 mi (2,360 nm, 4,380 km)

Guns: 4× 20 mm (0.787 in) M39 cannon, 290 rounds/gun
Bombs:

4,500 lb (2,000 kg) in bomb bay, including nuclear bombs
2,800 lb (1,300 kg) on four external hardpoints

US1951
Short SturgeonShort SturgeonMaximum speed: 318 knots (366 mph, 590 km/h) at 24,200 ft
Cruise speed: 312 mph (502 km/h) at 15,000 ft
Service ceiling: 35,200 ft (10,700 m)
UK1949
Ilyushin Il-28Ilyushin Il-28Maximum speed: 902 km/h (487 knots, 560 mph) at 4,500 m (14,760 ft)
Cruise speed: 770 km/h (415 knots, 478 mph)
Range: 2,180 km (1,176 nmi, 1,355 mi) at 770 km/h (415 knots, 478 mph) and 10,000 m (32,800 ft)

Guns: 4 × Nudelman NR-23 cannons (2 in nose and 2 in tail barbette)
Bombs: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb) of bombs in internal bay (1,000 kg (2,200 lb) normal)

Soviet Union1949
North American AJ SavageNorth American AJ Savage BomberMaximum speed: 471 mph (409 kn, 758 km/h)
Range: 1,731 mi (1,505 nmi, 2,787 km)
Bombs: 12,000 lb (5,400 kg) conventional bombs, or 1× nuclear bomb

US1949
Tupolev Tu-4Tupolev Tu-4Maximum speed: 558 km/h at 10,250 m (33,600 ft) (349 mph)
Range: 6,200 km (with 3,000 kg (6,600 lb) bomb load) (3,875 mi)

Guns: 10× 23 mm Nudelman-Suranov NS-23 aircraft cannons,
Bombs:
6× 1,000 kg (2,205 lb) bombs or
1× atomic bomb (only Tu-4A) or
2× KS-1 Komet standoff missiles

Soviet Union1949
Boeing B-50 SuperfortressBoeing B-50 SuperfortressMaximum speed: 394 mph (343 knots, 635 km/h) at 30,000 ft (9,150 m)
Cruise speed: 244 mph (212 knots, 393 km/h)
Combat radius: 2,394 mi (2,082 nmi, 3,855 km)
Guns:
13× .50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine guns in 4 × remote controlled and manned tail turret
Bombs:
20,000 lb (9,100 kg) internally
8,000 lb (3,600 kg) on external hardpoints
US1948
North American B-45 TornadoNorth American B-45 TornadoMaximum speed: 570 mph (500 kn, 920 km/h)
Range: 1,000 mi (870 nmi, 1,600 km)

Guns: 2 × .50 in (12.7 mm) M3 machine guns
Bombs: 22,000 lb (10,000 kg)

US1948
Convair B-36 "Peacemaker"Convair B-36 Maximum speed: 418 mph (363 knots, 672 km/h)
Cruise speed: 230 mph (200 knots, 370 km/h)
Combat radius: 3,985 mi (3,465 nmi, 6,415 km)

Guns: 1 remotely operated tail turret with 2× 20 mm (0.787 in) M24A1 autocannons
Bombs: 86,000 lb (39,000 kg) with weight restrictions, 72,000 lb (32,700 kg) normal

US1947



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