List of Main Battle Tank (MBT)

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Main Battle Tank (MBT) is advances in army tank design, armor, and engine technology allowed tank designers to increase the capabilities of tanks significantly without always resorting to heavier designs, although weights did gradually increase. High explosive anti-tank (HEAT) ammunition was a threat to tanks and could penetrate steel armor thicker than was practical to put on a tank.

Main battle tanks are often classified as belonging to a particular generation, although the actual definition and membership in these generations is not clearly defined. Soviet and Russian military planners organize tanks into a generation of tanks up to 1945, and four generations of main battle tanks, while Canadian strategists organize main battle tanks into three generations. The military of the People's Republic of China also recognizes three generations of its own tanks.

The list of Army Main Battle Tanks in The World:

MBTPictureSpecificationCountryYear
AltayAltay Main Battle TankCannon: MKEK 120 mm smoothbore
Speed: 70 km/h
Range:
-
Engine:
1500-1800 hp
Weight: 60 ton
Length-Width: -
Unit Cost: USD 5.5 Million
Turkey2015
Type 10Type 10 Main Battle TankCannon: 120 mm L44 smoothbore
Speed: 70 km/h
Range:
-
Engine:
1200 hp
Weight: 44 ton
Length-Width: 9.42 - 3.24m
Unit Cost: USD 11.3 Million
Japan2011
K2 Black PantherK2 Black Panther Main Battle TankCannon: 120 mm (4.72 in) 55 caliber smoothbore
Speed: 70 km/h
Range:
450 km
Engine:
1500 hp
Weight: 55 ton
Length-Width: 10 - 3.6m
Unit Cost: USD 8.5 Million
South Korea2010
Merkava 4Merkava 4Cannon: 120 mm (4.7 in) MG253 smoothbore
Speed: 55-64 km/h
Range:
500km
Engine:
1500 hp
Weight: 65 ton
Length-Width: 9.04 - 3.72m

Unit Cost: USD 4.5-5 Million
Israel2004
Arjun MBTArjun MBTCannon: 120 mm
Speed: 72 km/h
Range:
450km
Engine:
1400 hp
Weight: 64.5 ton
Length-Width: 10.6 - 3.8m

Unit Cost: USD 3.8 Million
India2004
Type 99 MBTType 99 MBTCannon: 125 mm smoothbore
Speed: 80 km/h
Range:
600km
Engine:
1500 hp
Weight: 58 ton
Length-Width: 11 - 3.4m

Unit Cost: USD 2.5 Million
China2001
Al-Khalid MBTAl-Khalid MBTCannon: 125 mm smoothbore
Speed: 72 km/h
Range:
500km
Engine:
1200 hp
Weight: 53 ton
Length-Width: 10 - 3.5m

Pakistan-China2001
T-84 MBTT-84 MBTCannon: 125 mm smoothbore
Speed: 65 km/h
Range: 54
0km
Engine:
1200 hp
Weight: 46 ton
Length-Width: 7 - 3.7m

Ukraine1999
FV4034 Challenger 2Challenger 2 MBTCannon: L30A1 120 mm
Speed: 55-64 km/h
Range:
450km
Engine:
1200 hp
Weight: 62.5 ton
Length-Width: 8.3 - 3.5m
Unit Cost: $ 6,797,660
UK1998
Type 96 MBTType 96 MBTCannon: 125 mm
Speed: 70 km/h
Range:
450km
Engine:
1000 hp
Weight: 42.8 ton
Length-Width: 10.283 - 3.45m
China1997
T-90T-90 MBTCannon: 125 mm smoothbore gun with ATGM
Speed: 55-64 km/h
Range:
550-650 km
Engine:
1250 hp
Weight: 52.4 ton
Length-Width: 9.63 - 3.78m
Unit Cost: $ $2.77 - 4.25 million
Russia1996
PT-91 TwardyPT-91 Twardy MBTCannon: 125
Speed: 60 km/h
Range:
650 km
Engine:
850 hp
Weight: 45.9 ton
Length-Width: 6.95 - 3.59m
Poland1995
C1 ArietaC1 Ariete MBTCannon: 120mm 44 calibre smoothbore
Speed: 65 km/h
Range:
550 km
Engine:
1247 hp
Weight: 54 ton
Length-Width: 9.67 - 3.42m
Unit Cost: $ -
Italy1995
AMX-56 LeclercAMX-56 Leclerc MBTCannon: 120mm
Speed: 72 km/h
Range:
550-650 km
Engine:
1500 hp
Weight: 54.5 ton
Length-Width: 9.87 - 3.71m
Unit Cost: € 15,900,000
France1992
Type 90 Kyu-MaruType 90 Kyu-Maru MBTCannon: 120mm
Speed: 70 km/h
Range: 350
km
Engine:
1500 hp
Weight: 50.2 ton
Length-Width: 9.75 - 3.33m
Japan1990
Merkava 3Cannon: 120 mm
Speed: 55-60 km/h
Range:
500km
Engine:
1200 hp
Weight: 65 ton
Length-Width: 9.04 - 3.72m

Unit Cost: USD 4.5-5 Million
Israel1989
K1 Main Battle TankK1 Main Battle TankCannon: 120 mm
Speed: 65 km/h
Range:
500km
Engine:
1200 hp
Weight: 60 ton
Length-Width: 9.714 - 3.6m

Unit Cost: USD 4 Million
South Korea1987
M-84M-84 Main Battle TankCannon: 125 mm
Speed: 68 km/h
Range:
700km
Engine:
1000 hp
Weight: 41.5 ton
Length-Width: 9.53 - 3.57m

Unit Cost: -
Yugoslavia1984
FV4030 Challenger 1FV4030 Challenger 1 MBTCannon: 120 mm
Speed: 56 km/h
Range:
450km
Engine:
1200 hp
Weight: 62 ton
Length-Width: 11.5 - 3.51m

Unit Cost: -
UK1983
Tanque Argentino MedianoTanque Argentino Mediano (TAM) MBTCannon: 105 mm
Speed: 75 km/h
Range:
590km
Engine:
720 hp
Weight: 30.5 ton
Length-Width: 6.75 - 3.25m

Unit Cost: USD 1.5 Million
Argentina1983
Type 69/79Type 69/79 Main Battle TankCannon: 100/105 mm
Speed: 50 km/h
Range:
440km
Engine:
580 hp
Weight: 36.7 ton
Length-Width: 6.24 - 3.3m

Unit Cost: -
China1983
M1 AbramsM1 Abrams MBTCannon: 120 mm L44 M256 smoothbore
Speed: 67.6 km/h
Range:
426km
Engine:
1500 hp
Weight: 67.6 ton
Length-Width: 9.77 - 3.66m
Unit Cost: USD 6.21 Million
US1980
Type 88Type 88 Main Battle TankCannon: 105 mm
Speed: 60 km/h
Range:
430km
Engine:
730 hp
Weight: 39.5 ton
Length-Width: 6.32 - 3.37 m
Unit Cost: -
China1980
Chonma-HoChonma-Ho Main Battle TankCannon: 115/125 mm
Speed: 50 km/h
Range:
450km
Engine:
750 hp
Weight: 40 ton
Length-Width: 6.63 - 3.52 m
Soviet-North Kor1980
Leopard 2Leopard 2 MBTCannon: 120 mm Rheinmetall L55
Speed: 72 km/h
Range:
550km
Engine:
1500 hp
Weight: 62.3 ton
Length-Width: 9.97 - 3.75m
Unit Cost: USD 5.74 Million
Germany1979
Merkava 1-2Merkava 1Cannon: 105 millimeter M68
Speed: 55 km/h
Range:
500km
Engine:
900 hp
Weight: 63 ton
Length-Width: 9.04 - 3.72m

Unit Cost: USD 4.5-5 Million
Israel1978
T-80T-80 Main Battle TankCannon: 125 mm
Speed: 70 km/h
Range: 335
km
Engine:
1000 hp
Weight: 46 ton
Length-Width: 9.6 - 3.6 m

Unit Cost: USD 2.2 Million
Soviet Union1976
Type 74 Nana YonType 74 Nana Yon MBTCannon: 120 mm
Speed: 53 km/h
Range: 300
km
Engine:
750 hp
Weight: 38 ton
Length-Width: 9.42 - 3.18 m

Unit Cost: -
Japan1975
T 72T 72 Main Battle TankCannon: 125 mm
Speed: 60 km/h
Range: 460
km
Engine:
780 hp
Weight: 45.7 ton
Length-Width: 9.53 - 3.59 m

Unit Cost: USD 1-2 Million
Soviet Union1973
Stridsvagn 103Stridsvagn 103 MBTCannon: 105 mm
Speed: 50 km/h
Range: 390
km
Engine:
240 hp & 490 hp
Weight: 42.5 ton
Length-Width: 9.00 - 3.80 m

Unit Cost: -
Sweden1968
Vickers MBTVickers MBTCannon: 105 mm
Speed: 50 km/h
Range: 530
km
Engine:
720 hp
Weight: 44.8 ton
Length-Width: 9.79 - 3.17 m

Unit Cost: -
UK1967
T-64T-64 MBTCannon: 125 mm
Speed: 60.5 km/h
Range: 500
km
Engine:
700 hp
Weight: 42 ton
Length-Width: 9.225 - 3.415 m

Unit Cost: -
Soviet Union1966
FV 4201 ChieftainFV 4201 Chieftain MBTCannon: 120 mm
Speed: 48 km/h
Range: 500
km
Engine:
750 hp
Weight: 62 ton
Length-Width: 5.5 - 3.5 m

Unit Cost: -
UK1966
Leopard 1Leopard 1 Main Battle TankCannon: 105 mm
Speed: 65 km/h
Range: 600
km
Engine: 819
hp
Weight: 42.2 ton
Length-Width: 9.54 - 3.37 m

Unit Cost: -
Germany1965
T-62T-62 MBTCannon: 115 mm
Speed: 50 km/h
Range: 450
km
Engine: 581
hp
Weight: 40 ton
Length-Width: 9.34 - 3.3 m

Unit Cost: -
Soviet Union1961
M60 PattonM60 Patton MBTCannon: 105 mm
Speed: 48 km/h
Range: 500
km
Engine:
750 hp
Weight: 50.7 ton
Length-Width: 9.3 - 3.6 m

Unit Cost: -
US1961
Type 61Type 61 MBTCannon: 90 mm
Speed: 45 km/h
Range: 200
km
Engine: 57
0 hp
Weight: 35 ton
Length-Width: 8.19 - 2.95 m

Unit Cost: -
Japan1961
AMX-30AMX-30 MBTCannon: 105 mm
Speed: 65 km/h
Range: 600
km
Engine: 68
0 hp
Weight: 36 ton
Length-Width: 9.48 - 3.1 m

Unit Cost: -
France1960
Type 59Type 59 MBTCannon: 100 mm
Speed: 50 km/h
Range: 450
km
Engine: 52
0 hp
Weight: 36 ton
Length-Width: 6.04 - 3.27 m

Unit Cost: -
China1959
T-55T-54 or T-55 MBTCannon: 100 mm
Speed: 56 km/h
Range: 500
km
Engine:
581 hp
Weight: 36 ton
Length-Width: 6.45 - 3.375 m

Unit Cost: -
Soviet Union1958
M48 PattonM48 Patton MBTCannon: 90 mm
Speed: 48 km/h
Range: 460
km
Engine:
750 hp
Weight: 49.6 ton
Length-Width: 9.3 - 3.65 m

Unit Cost: -
US1953
M47 PattonM47 PattonCannon: 90 mm
Speed: 60 km/h
Range: 160
km
Engine:
810 hp
Weight: 48.6 ton
Length-Width: 8.51 - 3.51 m

Unit Cost: -
US1952
T-54T-54 MBTCannon: 100 mm
Speed: 56 km/h
Range: 500
km
Engine:
581 hp
Weight: 36 ton
Length-Width: 6.45 - 3.375 m

Unit Cost: -
Soviet Union1950
M46 PattonM46 Patton MBTCannon: 90 mm
Speed: 48 km/h
Range: 130
km
Engine:
810 hp
Weight: 44 ton
Length-Width: 8.48 - 3.51 m

Unit Cost: -
US1950
CenturionCenturion MBTCannon: 105 mm
Speed: 34 km/h
Range: 450
km
Engine:
650 hp
Weight: 52 ton
Length-Width: 7.6 - 3.38 m

Unit Cost: -
UK1945
T-44T-44 MBTCannon: 85 mm
Speed: 53 km/h
Range: 350
km
Engine:
520 hp
Weight: 32 ton
Length-Width: 7.65 - 3.258 m

Unit Cost: -
Soviet Union1944


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