List of Man Portable Air Defense Systems

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Man-portable air-defense systems (MANPADS or MPADS) are shoulder-launched surface-to-air missiles (SAMs). They are typically guided weapons and are a threat to low-flying aircraft, especially helicopters.

MANPADS were originally developed in the late 1950s to provide military ground forces protection from enemy aircraft. They have received a great deal of attention as potential terrorist weapons that might be used against commercial airliners. These missiles, affordable and widely available through a variety of sources, have been used successfully over the past three decades both in military conflicts, as well as by terrorist organizations. They can be purchased on the black market anywhere from a few hundred dollars (USD) for older models to upwards of almost a quarter million dollars for newer, more capable models. Twenty-five countries, including the United States, produce man-portable air defense systems. Possession, export, and trafficking in such weapons is officially tightly controlled, due to the threat they pose to civil aviation, although such efforts have not always been successful.


The missiles are about 5 to 6 feet (180 cm) in length and weigh about 35 to 40 pounds (18 kg), depending on the model. Shoulder-fired SAMs generally have a target detection range of about 6 miles (10 km) and an engagement range of about 4 miles (6 km), so aircraft flying at 20,000 feet (6,100 m) (3.8 miles) or higher are relatively safe. The acronym MANPADS is commonly mistaken to have a singular form of "MANPAD" -- this is incorrect, as even a singular unit is still a system and would have the final S in the acronym.
List of Man Portable Air Defense Systems:
MPADPictureSpecificationsCountryYear
Chiron
Chiron Man Portable Air Defense Systems


South Korea2005
Misagh-2

Iran2005
FN-6
FN 6 Man Portable Air Defense Systems


China2000
Starstreak
Starstreak Man Portable Air Defense Systems


UK1997
Grom
Grom Man Portable Air Defense Systems


Poland1995
Type 91
Type 91 Man Portable Air Defense Systems


Japan1994
Misagh-1
Misagh-1 Man Portable Air Defense Systems


Iran1993
QW-2 Vanguard 2
QW-2 Vanguard 2 Man Portable Air Defense Systems


China1990
QW-1 Vanguard
QW-1 Vanguard Man Portable Air Defense Systems


China1990
Anza
Anza Man Portable Air Defense Systems


Pakistan1989
Starburst
Starburst Missile


UK1989
Mistral
Mistral Missile


France1988
9K38 Igla
9K38 Igla Man Portable Air Defense Systems


Soviet Union1983
Javelin
Javelin Man Portable Air Defense Systems


UK1983
FIM-92 Stinger
FIM-92 Stinger Man Portable Air Defense Systems


US1981
RBS 70
RBS 70 Man Portable Air Defense Systems


Sweden1977
Blowpipe
Blowpipe Man Portable Air Defense Systems


UK1975
9K34 Strela-3
9K34 Strela-3 Man Portable Air Defense Systems


Soviet Union1974
FIM-43 Redeye
FIM-43 Redeye Man Portable Air Defense Systems


US1968
Strela 2
Strela 2 Man Portable Air Defense Systems


Soviet Union1968



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