Type 80 Medium Machine Gun

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Type 80 Medium Machine Gun
The Type 80 is a medium machine gun manufactured by Norinco in the People's Republic of China, based on the Russian Kalashnikov PKM series. The machine gun was certified for design finalisation in 1980 and entered the PLA service in the mid-1980s, specifically in 1983. The Type 80 was intended as a successor to the Chinese independently developed Type 67, doing well in tests conducted in the Chengdu Military Region before it was dropped and instead, opted to keep the Type 67 GPMG in use. Only a few Type 80s were used in the People's Liberation Army Marine Corps and a modified Type 80, named as Type 86, was then accepted by PLA armor units.

The Type 80 chambers and fires the 7.62 x 54 mm R round. It is a gas-operated, air-cooled, belt-fed, fully automatic firearm. It can fire on both the tripod and the fold able bipod on the gas Linktube below the barrel. Belts are used from 100-round boxes in the light machine gun configurations, and from 200 or 250- round boxes in tripod mounted applications. The machine gun uses an open iron sight, but can also be fitted with an optical or night vision sight. A version of the Type 80 (CF06) is also available in 7.62 NATO caliber.

Type 80
Type General purpose machine gun
Place of origin People's Republic of China
Production history
Designed 1980
Manufacturer China North Industries Corporation
Produced 1983Link
Variants Type 86, CF06
Specifications
Weight 12.6 kg (27.78 lb)
Length 1,192 mm (46.9 in)
Barrel length 658 mm (25.9 in)

Cartridge 7.62x54mmR
Action Gas-operated, open bolt
Rate of fire 700-800 round/min
Muzzle velocity 840 m/s
Effective range 1,640 yd (100—1,500 m sight adjustments)
Feed system Belts in 100/200/250 round boxes
Sights Open sights

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