First generation jet fighter aircraft

0 comments

Aircraft classified as first generation jet fighters are the first attempts at creation of military aircraft using jet engines. A few were developed during the closing days of World War II but saw very limited combat operations. The generation can be split into two broad groups: World War II era fighters such as the Me 262 and mature first generation fighters such as the F-86 used in the Korean War.

The "generations" of fighter aircraft are a relatively modern concept based on claims for "Fifth Generation" fighters. They are rough categories based on similar designs and do not correspond to a rigid definition.

By the 1950s, the next major group of fighter aircraft were planes that used air to air missiles as their primary armament and could routinely exceed the speed of sound in level flight. First generation fighters were limited to engagements in visual range, and the expected performance of new missiles, like the AIM-7 Sparrow, with semi-active radar homing, forced changes in aircraft design.

There is not a bright, clearly defined line between first- and second-generation fighters, and some early second-generation fighters, such as the F-8 Crusader, still had guns as their primary armament. Infrared-guided or so-called "heat-seeking" missiles such as the AIM-9 Sidewinder and early beam-riding missiles like the Kaliningrad K-5 were used on late first-generation aircraft.

First Generation Jet Fighter Aircraft:
Jet Fighter AircraftPictureSpesificationsCountryYear
Shenyang J-5

China1956
McDonnell F3H Demon

US1956
Yakovlev Yak-25

Soviet Union1955
Saab 32 Lansen

Sweden1955
Dassault Mystère

France1954
Republic F-84F Thunderstreak

US1954
CAC Sabre

US-Australia1954
Hawker Sea Hawk

UK1953
Dassault Mystère IV

France1953
Dassault Ouragan

France1952
Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck

Canada1952
de Havilland Venom

UK1952
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17

Soviet Union1952
Supermarine Attacker

UK1951
de Havilland Sea Venom

UK1951
Douglas F3D Skyknight

US1951
Northrop F-89 Scorpion

US1950
Lockheed F-94 Starfire

US1950
Saab 21R

Sweden1950
Canadair Sabre

Canada1950
Saab 29 Tunnan

Sweden1950
North American F-86 Sabre

US1949
Lavochkin La-15

Soviet Union1949
Yakovlev Yak-23

Soviet Union1949
Yakovlev Yak-17

Soviet Union1948
McDonnell F2H Banshee

US1948
McDonnell FH Phantom

US1947
Republic F-84 Thunderjet

US1947
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15

Soviet Union1947
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-9

Soviet Union1946
Yakovlev Yak-15

Soviet Union1946
Heinkel He 162

Germany1945
de Havilland Vampire

UK1945
Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star

US1945
Ryan FR Fireball

US1945
Messerschmitt Me 262

Germany1944
Gloster Meteor

UK1944
Bell P-59 Airacomet

US1942




Share this article :