Naval Cruiser in 1800s-World War I

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The term "cruiser" or "cruizer" was first commonly used in the 17th century to refer to an independent warship. "Cruiser" meant the purpose or mission of a ship, rather than a category of vessel. However, the term was nonetheless used to mean a smaller, faster warship suitable for such a role. In the 17th century, the ship of the line was generally too large, inflexible, and expensive to be dispatched on long-range missions (for instance, to the Americas), and too strategically important to be put at risk of fouling and foundering by continual patrol duties.

The Dutch navy was noted for its cruisers in the 17th century, while the Royal Navy—and later French and Spanish navies—subsequently caught up in terms of their numbers and deployment. The British Cruiser and Convoy Acts were an attempt by mercantile interests in Parliament to focus the Navy on commerce defence and raiding with cruisers, rather than the more scarce and expensive ships of the line. During the 18th century the frigate became the preeminent type of cruiser. A frigate was a small, fast, long range, lightly armed (single gun-deck) ship used for scouting, carrying dispatches, and disrupting enemy trade. The other principal type of cruiser was the sloop, but many other miscellaneous types of ship were used as well.

Shortly after the turn of the 20th century there were difficult questions about the design of future cruisers. Modern armored cruisers, almost as powerful as battleships, were also fast enough to outrun older protected and unarmored cruisers. In the Royal Navy, Jackie Fisher cut back hugely on older vessels, including many cruisers of different sorts, calling them 'a miser's hoard of useless junk' that any modern cruiser would sweep from the seas.

List of Naval Cruisers in Naval Cruiser in 1800s-World War I:

CruiserPictureSpesificationsCountryYear
Hawkins class cruiser

UK1918
Danae class

UK1918
Tenryū class

Japan1918
HMS Furious

UK1917
Courageous class battlecruiser

UK1916
Renown class battlecruiser

UK1916
Svetlana class

Russia1916
Köln class

Germany1916
Izmail or Borodino class

Russia1915
Omaha class cruiser

US1915
Frankfurt

US1915
Wiesbaden class

Germany1915
Königsberg class

Germany1915
Brummer class

Germany1915
HMS Tiger

UK1914
C class

UK1914
Arethusa class,

UK1914
HMS Clas Fleming

Sweden1914
Muravyov-Amurskii class

Russia1914
Dresden class

Germany1914
Pillau class

Germany1914
Novara class cruiser

Austria-Hungary1914
HMS Queen Mary

UK1913
Lion class battlecruiser

UK1912
Karlsruhe class

Germany1912
Indefatigable class battlecruiser

UK1911
Active class

UK1911
Kongō class battlecruiser

Japan1911
Chikuma class

Japan1911
Magdeburg

Germany1911
HMAS Australia

Australia1911
Town class

UK1910
Tone

Japan1910
Bahia class cruiser

Brazil1910
Admiral Spaun

Austria-Hungary1910
Blonde class

UK1909
Invincible class battlecruiser

UK1908
Boadicea class

UK1908
Chester class cruiser

US1908
Blücher

Germany1908
Kolberg class

Germany1908
HMS Fylgia

Sweden1907
Bogatyr‘ class

Russia1907
Pisa class

Italy1907
Edgar Quinet class

France1907
Minotaur class

UK1906
Riurik

Russia1906
Tennessee class cruiser

US1906
Scharnhorst class

Germany1906
Nautilus class

Germany1906
Ernest Renan

France1906
St. Louis class cruiser

US1905
Pennsylvania class cruiser

US1905
Konigsberg class

Germany1905
Pathfinder class

UK1904
Forward class

UK1904
Adventure class

UK1904
Sentinel class

UK1904
Duke of Edinburgh class

UK1904
Topaze class

UK1903
Devonshire class

UK1903
Ottoman cruiser Hamidiye

Turkey1903
Russian cruiser Almaz

Russia1903
Otowa

Japan1903
Roon class

Germany1903
French cruiser Jurien de la Gravière

France1903
Sankt Georg

Austria-Hungary1903
Challenger class

UK1902
Kasuga class

Japan1902
Niitaka class

Japan1902
Monmouth class

UK1901
Drake class

UK1901
Prinz Adalbert class

Germany1901
Léon Gambetta class

France1901
Jeanne d'Arc

France1901
HMS Psilander

Sweden1900
HMS Claes Uggla

Sweden1900
Bayan class

Russia1900
Prinz Heinrich

Germany1900
Gloire class

France1900
Cressy class

UK1899
Pallada class

Russia1899
Izumo class

Japan1899
Azuma

Japan1899
Yakumo

Japan1899
Albany

US1899
Gueydon class

France1899
Highflyer class

UK1898
Asama class

Japan1898
Gazelle class

Germany1898
Bremen class

Germany1898
Aragon class

Spain1898
Takasago

Japan1897
Fürst Bismarck

Germany1897
Victoria Louise class

Germany1897
Pelorus class

UK1896
Arrogant class

UK1896
Diadem class

UK1896
Holland class

Netherlands1896
New Orleans

US1896
Powerful class

UK1895
Emperador Carlos V

Spain1895
Suma class

Japan1895
Giuseppe Garibaldi class

Italy1895
St. Paul

US1895
Hela

Germany1895
Pothuau

France1895
Kaiserin und Königin Maria Theresia

Austria-Hungary1895
Eclipse class

UK1894
St. Louis

US1894
Ottoman cruiser Heibetnuma

Turkey1893
Dixie

US1893
Gefion

Germany1893
Amiral Charner class

France1893
Astraea class

UK1892
Koningin Wilhelmina der Nederlanden

Netherlands1892
Yoshino

Japan1892
Akitsushima

Japan1892
Buffalo

US1892
Yankee

US1892
Yosemite

US1892
Kaiserin Augusta

Germany1892
Argentine cruiser Nueve de Julio


1892
Apollo class

UK1890
Edgar class

UK1890
Infanta Maria Teresa class

Spain1890
NRP Adamastor

Portugal1890
Sumatra

Netherlands1890
Chiyoda

Japan1890
Prairie

US1890
Destrées class cruiser

France1890
Dupuy de Lôme

France1890
Brazillian cruiser Almirante Tamandaré

Brazil1890
Pearl class

UK1889
Blake class

UK1889
Matsushima class

Japan1889
Yale

US1889
Badger

US1889
Panther

US1889
Marathon class

UK1888
Pamiat‘ Azova

Russia1888
Vesuvius

US1888
Harvard

US1888
Alfonso XII class

Spain1887
SMS Tiger

Austria-Hungary1887
Orlando class

UK1886
Unebi

Japan1886
Admiral Nakhimov

Russia1885
Naniwa class

Japan1885
Chicago

US1885
Atlanta

US1884
Boston

US1884
SMS Lussin

Austria-Hungary1884
Calypso class

UK1883
Imperieuse class

UK1883
Saien

Japan1883
Izumi

Japan1883
Giovanni Bausan (

Italy1883
Leander class

UK1882
Velasco class

Spain1881
Gertsog Edinburgskii

Russia1879
Comus class

UK1878
Iris class

UK1877
Nelson class

UK1876
Atjeh class

Netherlands1876
Shannon first class armoured cruiser

UK1875
Russian cruiser General-Admiral

Russia1873
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