The Worcester class was a class of light cruisers used by the United States Navy, laid down in 1945 and commissioned in 1948-49. They and their contemporaries the Des Moines-class heavy cruisers were the last all-gun cruisers built for the US Navy. Ten ships were planned for this class, but only two (USS Worcester (CL-144) and USS Roanoke (CL-145)) were completed.
Although technically light cruisers because they carried 6 in (152 mm) guns, they were in fact among the largest cruisers ever built, being longer and displacing more than the Baltimore-class heavy cruisers of World War II. Their main battery layout was quite distinctive in that they carried twin rather than triple turrets, unlike the previous Cleveland-class, St. Louis-class, and Brooklyn-class light cruisers. Aside from the fact that the Worcesters main battery consisted of 6 in (152 mm) rather than 5 in (127 mm) guns, the layout was identical to the much smaller Juneau-class light cruisers, carrying 12 guns in six turrets, three forward and three aft, with only turrets 3 and 4 superfiring.
Both ships were decommissioned in 1958, the last conventional light cruisers to serve in the fleet, and scrapped in the early 1970's.
|Name:||Worcester class cruiser|
|Operators:||United States Navy|
|Preceded by:||Fargo-class cruiser|
|Displacement:||13,000 tons (standard) |
17,997 tons (full)
|Length:||679 ft .5 in|
|Beam:||70 ft .5 in|
|Propulsion:||4x Westinghouse 620 psi boilers |
4x geared steam turbines
|Complement:||1,560 officers and enlisted|
|Armament:||12 x 6-in/47 Mk16 DP in six 2-gun turrets |
5 x dual 3-in/50 Mk27 port
(3-in/50s were installed in early 1949)
5 x dual 3-in/50 Mk27 starboard
1 x dual 3-in/50 Mk27 bow
2 x single 3-in/50 Mk33 on blisters fantail
|Armor:||3-5 in belt|
3.5 in (max) deck
2-6.5 in turrets
5 in barbettes
4.5 in conn